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Glossary: here the words are collected that in the
Vahinis at this site are explained by Sai Baba, complemented with
glossaries from Bhagavad Gîtâ and S'rîmad
- Sabari: She received the Darsan of Râma; Mathanga
Rshi was her
Brahmâm: The sky or Akasa is the fifth
elemental force, characterized by Sound; sound is the symbol for Brahmâm, known as Sabda
- Sadhaka: Spiritual Seeker. (RRV-1)
- Sadhana: Spiritual discipline or exercise;
self effort (BV-30), (BV-33) The essential ingredient of this Sadhana is Love.
Sadhana without Love (Prema) towards all creation, will reveal only
- Sadhus: Good men. (BV-34) Saint, who is devoted to spiritual discipline.
Pose: 'Saintly Woman' (SSS-III)
Gem among virtuous women. (BV-15)
King [RRV-7a, RRV-7c, BV-32]
- Saguna: With qualities, with form, materialized.
Bhakta: worshipper of the attributeful (SSS-IV)
Brahmân: the Universal Absolute incarnated as a 'limited'
Forbearance; patience and fortitude (SSS-III)
Seersha Purushah Sahasraksha Sahasra Patˆ: Myriad headed,
myriad eyed, and myriad footed is the Purusha (Supreme Lord)
- Sai: Master; Divine Mother; Bhagavân Srî Sathya Sai Baba
(Sathya Nârâyana) (SSS-III)
'Sakkubai': whose devotion to Panduranga was so intense that the Lord
Himself took her form and served her husband and mother-in-law in order
to release her from her home, for the pilgrimage to the Panduranga
Temple (SSS-II). A famous Krishna devotee.
Realization (SSS-II) (SSS-IV)
- S(h)akthi: Power (BV-39). Female consort of Shiva. Vital core (RRV2-10)
- Samadhi: concentration of the thoughts,
profound or abstract meditation, intense contemplation of any
particular object (so as to identify the contemplator with the object
meditated upon) (BV-36), (BV-37).
Equal love for all (SSS-III).
Rite of giving away gifts as selected cows and
costly vessels to Brahmins (RRV-7d).
- Sambhashan(a): Hearing about the Lord
(saint) (RRV-7b) (RRV2-1)
- Sam(n)karsana: [One of the four original
expansions of Lord Krishna in the spiritual world; also, another name
of Balarâma, given by Garga Muni] He who was attracted, drawn (BV-44).
- Samsar(a): The world of change, the constant
the person afflicted with doubts (SSS-IV)
- Samskara: 'impression'; "Every
action that you do produces a two-fold effect. It produces an
impression in your mind and when you die you carry the Samskara in the
Karmashaya or receptacle of works in your subconscious mind. It
produces an impression on the world or Akashic records. " (Swami
- Samskâra:Purificatory ceremony or
& Anna-prâsana). Refining process (Vidhya Vahini) and SSS-IV
- Sanathana Dharma: Universal eternal
ancient Wisdom (Prasn. Vahini) (Srîmad
Bhâgavatam 7 : 11)
- Sanathana Sarathi: The "timeless,
eternal charioteer" (SSS-I) Baba inaugurated a monthly magazine to
convey His Teachings into every home, meaning: "The Timeless
Everpresent Charioteer" (SSS-II) (SSS-IV). Sanathana Sarathi is devoted to the social, moral and
spiritual uplift of humanity through sathya, dharma, santhi and prema.
- Sandepani: Preceptor (Guru-teacher) of
Balarâma and Krishna, a pundit from Avanthi, living in Kasi, the
Holy City on the sacred Ganga (BV-41).
- Sandhya: Rite; reciting the Gayathri mantra (SSS-II)
periods: Each yuga has 200, 400, 600, or 800 contact periods. (BV-34)
['He with the plow' see SB 5.25].
- Sannyasi: Devotee of the Lord, giving up
everything to be able to serve Him.
Worship at dawn and dusk. (BV-1)
kamasthuhomayeth": "Those who desire the establishment of peace
have to do this sacrifice", say the Vedas. (SSS-II)
Bhagavatha Bhaktha Samajam: Association of the Dedicated and
- Sankalpa: Resolve, will (SSS-II)
The classical biography of Sankaracharya. (SSS-II)
- Sankirtan: Congregational glorification of
God, especially through chanting of His holy name.
- Santhi: Peace (Geetha Vahini). Unruffled equanimity (SSS-III)
- Santhi Vedika: An eight pillared Mantap
in classical style with frescoes of the Githopadesh scene and of a
scene from the Râmayana, and of the S'ivalinga and the Pranava (SSS-II)
Happy, very happy (SSS-III)
- Sapthaha: 7 days; a sacrificial performance
lasting 7 days (SSS-II)
- Sarabhanga: Sage, who cast off his body
while gazing at Râma on a pyre of fire (RRV2-1)
Goddess of learning, speech (RRV-7c)
The river that runs alongside Ayodhya.
The process of creation, one of the ten characteristics of the Purana's
- Sârî: Long seemless colorfull peace
of fabric worn by female devotees.
Name of the bow, carried by Vishnu
A powerful (Dragon) weapon with serpent-arrows, used by Meghanada
in the battle against Râma (RRV2-8b)
(Krishna is) the Inner Core of all beings (SSS-III)
dhaya: Compassion towards all beings.
Swaroopam: The Form of God in all Forms (SSS-III)
Dharinchina Manavaakarame Ee Aakaramu: This Human Form is one in
which every Divine Entity, every Divine Principle, that is to say, all
the Names and Forms ascribed by man to God, are manifest (SSS-III)
Brahmâ Mayam: All this is Brahmân. The offering is
Brahmân, the fire is Brahmân, the offerer is Brahmân,
the goal is Brahmân. Brahmân that is the real Reality of
the Universe. (SSS-III)
khalu idam Brahmâ; Na iha nana asthi kinchana: ...
lives in the constant awareness that all this is Brahmân. He has
understood that there is no manifoldness or diversity here; it is all
One. He knows that the entire Cosmos is constituted of the same
Brahmân, that there can be no second entity apart from
Namah": "Prostrations to Him to whom all religions are equally
Sajivam: 'All is alive' (BV-37).
and Sarvaswarupa: All names and all forms (Sai-Discourses).
- Sastras: Vedic scriptures (RRV-7a), (RRV-12).
The hundred-facetted. One Body was transformed into two and therefore,
where there was one Will formerly, two appeared, one which attracted
and the other which was drawn towards creation, the feminine and the
masculine. Since the one attracted in a hundred distinct ways it was
called Satharupa (hundred-facetted) and Beloved of Brahmâ
(Brahmâpriya). The other was named Manu. (BV-30)
- Sath-Chith-Ananda: I am Existence,
Knowledge, Bliss. (BV-32) Baba spoke another day
in great detail about Sath-Chith-Ananda. "There are
three desires or urges which every 'I' has to fulfil: 1.
I must live. This is the prompting from the core immortality, Sath.
2. I must know. This is the reminiscence of the
omniscience of which the 'I' is a spark. 3. I must be
happy. This is the evidence of the Ananda which is
innate in the individual." [SSS-III]
- Sat(h)î: Voluntary self-burning of women
after the death of their husband. Traditional compulsiveness which has
fallen into disuse.
- Sathya: Thruth (BV-1), (RRV-10b).
Prayer Hall (for example in Dharmashketra) (SSS-III)
Sai EHV: Education in human values. It is based on the values of
truth, right action, peace, love and nonviolence. It stresses the
importance of service to society, tolerance for people of different
races, cultures, nationalities and regligions.
Sai Nagar: Suburb of bungalows where Sai devotees live (SSS-II)
The temperamental Consort of Lord Krishna (SSS)
- Sathyam: He is the sub-stratum, the
substance; the separate and the sum, the Sath; the Sathyam (SSS) His Nature and His Reality
are Truth, Light and Beauty, Sath, Chith and Ananda, Existence,
Awareness and Bliss (SSS-II).
- Sathyam Sivam Sundaram: Sathyam,
S'ivam, Sundaram" speaks of Me, as immanent in every one of you. For,
Sathyam is Truth; you resent any imputation of untruth. The real
'you' is Sathyam. How then will it accept any other appellation? So
too, you are Sivam; joy, happiness, goodness, contentment,
auspiciousness. You are not Savam; dead, miserable, weak; you are
S'ivam. Then again, the real 'you' is Sundaram; beauty,
harmony, melody, symmetry. (SSS-II) "Follow the Karma-marga with the harmony
and charm of Sundaram; follow the Bakthi-marga with the exhilaration
and exaltation of S'ivam; follow the Jnana-marga with the directness
and steadfastness of Sathyam." (SSS-II) (SSS-IV) "Sathyam is the feet, S'ivam is the trunk
and Sundaram the head. On Sathyam we stand, on S'ivam we act and on
Sundaram we think. In Truth we are born, in Goodness we live and into
Beauty we merge." (SSS-IV)
The title 'Sathyam Sivam Sundaram' is full of meaning. It speaks of HE,
imminent in every one of you. Sathyam is the basic reality of you all;
that is why you resent being called a liar. The real 'you' is innocent,
you will not accept an imputation that is false. The real 'you' is joy,
happiness, and auspiciousness. It is not Savam but Sivam, it is Subham,
Nithyam, and Anandam. How then can you bear being called ugly? The Atma
has got entangled in the body which it does not like; it is weighed
down by shame, when you identify it with the body and attribute to it
the weaknesses and deficiencies of that physical vehicle.
- Sathyanarayana: God who lives in all
living beings as the highest truth. It is also the name Sai Baba
received at his birth (SSS).
annasti paradharmah: there is no Dharma higher than Truth (SSS-III)
- Satyavatî: daughter of a fisherman and
mother of Vyâsadeva.
- Sathwic (Satva Guna): Harmony (BV-33), sathwic way of life: pure, equal and steady and detached (RRV-9). The tranquil quality (SSS-I).
- Satrughna: "the slayer of enemies".
Half-brother of Râma, together with Lakshmana born from Sumitra. (RRV-4)
- Satsang: Coming together of devotees with the
purpose to listen to holy scriptures and to sing bhajans; good company.
tapah, dayâ, sathya: Austerity, cleanliness, compassion and
thruthfullness are the legs that established the age of truth [Sathya
Yuga, the 'old days'] [SB;
- S'aunaka Rishi: [see also Vedas] the spokesman for the sages
gathered at Naimisharânya.
Dead, miserable, weak (SSS-II)
Means the act of crossing the boundary, from one
kingdom into another. Kings, in former days, gathered their forces,
equipped them with arms, worshipped and propitiated on Ayudha Puja Day
(the Day previous to Vijayadasami Day) and, crossing their own state
boundaries, they invaded the neighbouring states, eager to achieve
Vijaya or Victory. That was on the tenth Day of Dasara, the tenth or
Dasami day of the bright half of the Aswija month. (SSS-II)
What is Self? see SSS-IV
- Sesha: Primeval Serpent (SSS-II)
- Seshamaraju: Baba's older brother, teacher
of Telugu (SSS-II)
- Seva: Loving Service (SSS-II) (SSS-IV)
Dal (units): men and women living on Sai ideals and trained for
service to the distressed, the disabled and the diseased (SSS-IV)
Hermitage of Achievement (RRV-6b).
The zodiacal sign of the Lion - the time when Râma was born. (RRV-4)
- S'is'umâra-cakra: ('dolphin-disc'): the
celestial sky that is called Vâsudeva, because one can
directly perceive Krishna that way in the form of cosmic, galactic time
or the milky way in the form of a dolphin (see
- Also called the lotus of creation, the universe unfolded, from which
Brahmâ was born, sprouting from the navel of Vishnu.
- Name for the impersonal aspect of time of Krishna (see also kâla and cakra)
I am Sîtâ, which means, cool, the cool Moonlight! Wife of
Râma (RRV-12), Sîtâ - Goddess
Mahalakshmi Herself (RRV-17a).
- S'iva (also Bhava: SB
Mrida 'the merciful' in SB 10:60-44): Associated with Creation,
He is Brahmâ; with Protection, He is Vishnu; with Dissolution, He
is S'iva (BV-30) S'iva
Destroyer in the trinity of Brahmâ (the Creator), Vishnu (the
Preserver), and Shiva (Rudra). The embodiment of spiritual wisdom and
God of Gods, Mahadeva. Sankara (RRV-9). S'iva, the deity whose bow Râma lifted to
win Sîtâ's hand in marriage. Mahadeva (RRV-7c).
The son of blind parents, who was killed by accident by Dasharatha,
father of Râma (RRV-16)
King [RRV-10b, BV-32, Sathya Sai Vahini]
- Siddhis (8 perfections): animâ:
smallness, mahimâ: greatness, garimâ: weight,
laghimâ: lightness, prâpti: free access,
prâkâmya: doing at wish, vasitva: control over the elements
and isvara: lordship over all (SB
Siddhis: spiritual accomplishments that can be a
hindrance in ones selfrealization: the ability to identify with the
smallest (animâ), the biggest (mahimâ), the
heaviest (garimâ) and the lightest (laghimâ)
and that one acting in ones own way (Prâkâmaya)
finding access everywhere (prâpti) and controlling the
elements (vashitva) is able to control everything (isatva),
(see also and S.B.
5.6: 1 about
their being limitations, or S.B.: 9.4:
them being of no interest to the devotees).
Minister of Ravana, respected elder, far gone in years who was in close
proximity to Vibhishana, when he was formerly in Lanka (RRV2-9)
- Sishya: Pupil, student, disciple.
- Sîtâ: Wife of Râma; She plays a
very important role in the Râmayana: She was kidnapped by the
demon Ravana. Also called Janakî, as the daughter of Janaka. She was called
Sîtâ or 'furrow' because, reputedly, she was born out
of a furrow in the earth made by Janaka during ploughing, to prepare
the earth for a yajna, to pray for offspring; that is why she
received the nick-name Ayoni-ja, "not born from the womb".
(Sîtâ, without ^ means "the clarity of the moonlight",
whereas 'candra' of Râmacandra refers to the moon). (RRV-7c) Sîtâ: I am Sîtâ, which
means cool, the cool Moonlight! Wife of Râma (RRV-12), Sîtâ - Goddess Mahâlakshmi Herself (RRV-17a).
- S'ivam: He is the awareness, the activity, the
consciousness, feeling, the willing and the doing, the chith; the
S'ivaM (SSS) So too, you are S'ivam; joy,
happiness, contentment, auspiciousness. You are not Savam: dead,
miserable, weak; you are S'ivam (SSS-II)
Week-long Continuous Recitation of the God S'iva (SSS-II)
- S'ivarathri: 'Night of S'iva'; rathri means
- Soham: "I am That" - "I am God"
A quality of Sri Râma, His gentle, soft and mild nature. (RV-34)
- Spars(h)an: Touching of a saint (RRV-7b), (RRV2-1)
- Sradha: Steady Dedication. (RRV-1)
and Smaranam: Listening and
Remembering the sacred teachings. (RRV-1) (RRV-2)
An honorific prefixed to the names of deities, sacred texts and eminent
persons. It is an auspicious word indicating good fortune. The word
also came to be used as an honorific for each individual,
universalizing or democratizing good fortune as it were (SSS-III)
- S'rîmad Bhâgavatam: [see
also Vedas] (Bhâgavata
Purâna), 'The Story of the Fortunate One'. The Krishna-Bible, spoken by S'ukadeva
Gosvâmî, the son of Vyâsadeva, who laid down the
story of Krishna. This book of approx. 18.000 verses describes the
importance of bhakti-yoga as everything and for everybody and also the
whole life of Lord Krishna and other avatâra's of Vishnu.
Contains brief the purpose of the Vedic scriptures. Go to S'rîmad
Bhâgavatam on Internet. (Legend, 18 very old books about the history
of this planet and other planets).
- The S'rîmad Bhâgavatam is also known by the name of 'Paramahamsa
Samhîta': the collection of stories about the Supreme
Nârâyana Charanou Saranam Prapadye": "I take refuge in
the Feet of the Lord" (SSS-II)
the Master of the Abode (SB,
- Sripadarenu: 'dust from the lotusfeet' (SSS-III)
Tree sacred to Parvati.
The One Divine Principle works through three Forms, as Brahmâ,
Vishnu and S'iva, in order to manipulate and complete the process of
becoming a being, called Srishti. (BV-30)
the power to create (SSS-III)
Wife of Satrughna, daughter of Kusadhwaja (brother
of Maharaja Janaka) (RRV-7d).
- Sruthi: (That which is heard) The Vedas which
have come down from guru and disciple, through recitation and listening
only. (RRV-5), the Veda's (BV-34), (BV-42). The Four Vedas, which are collectively
called Sruthi, that is to say, "The Heard", which means, the Ear (RRV2-2)
State, the fixation of limits, and the processes by
which the limits are honoured, one of the ten characteristics of the
The person whose consciousness is calm and beyond all agitations. (BV-35) .
the power to foster, guard and protect (SSS-III)
Son of Satrughna (RRV2-13b)
Subham": May it attain fulfilment (RRV-7a), Most welcome! Most welcome! (RRV-7d), "O most auspicious! Fortunate are we (RRV-9).
was the sister of Lord Krishna. She married with
Arjuna after the battle of Kurukshetra. Subhadrâ was the mother
of Abhimanyu who was the father of Emperor Parîkchit to whom the Bhâgavatam was spoken.
- Subrahmânyam (Murugan): Second son
of S'iva and Parvathi. The Lord who protects the soul and the spiritual
growth of the devotee. Also Saravanabhava, a name for
SuBrahmânyam, which means: Lord who was born in a reed bush. The
peacock (paravani) is the vehicle of SuBrahmânyam. (SSS-II)
- Sudarsana: [Lit.: with ten-hundred spokes],
the disc carried by the Supreme Lord Vishnu.
Brahmâ paraath para Ram, Kalathmaka parameswara Ram": Ram,
the pure Essence, the Supreme Beyond Ram, the Time Principle, the Lord
of Lords (SSS-II)
- S'ûdra: A laborer; the fourth of the Vedic
- Sugriva: Son of
the Ruler of the Vanara hordes (monarch of monkeys at Kiskindha),
brother of Vali, residing at the Rishyamuka mountain Range, (RRV-4a)
- S'uka: [see also Vedas] S'ukadeva Gosvâmî,
Supreme son of Vyâsadeva (BV-35), name of the first spiritual teacher, [âcârya]
who spoke the S'rîmad
Bhâgavatam, the story of Krishna unto
Maharâjâ Parîkshit. (BV-44) Suka means a parrot, he was the parrot that plucked the
ripe nectar-filled fruit called Bhagavatha from the tree of the Vedas
and enabled the world to taste it and be nourished by it.
The wife of Meghanada (RRV2-9)
- Sumanthra: Charioteer of Dasaratha.
- Sumitra: Co-wife of Dasaratha who gave
birth to twin sons Lakshmana and Satrughna. (RRV-4)
- Sunayana: Wife (queen) of Janaka, Emperor of
He is the light, the splendor, the harmony, the
melody, the Ananda; the Sundaram (SSS) Sundaram; beauty,
harmony, melody, symmetry (SSS-II) [see: sathyam Sivam sundaram]
Children born as a consequence of the blessings of God (SSS-III)
- Sushruta: Author of Sushruta Samhita (600 BC),
an ayurvedic treatise: Sushruta performed cosmetic surgery. In fact,
his samhita describes over 120 surgical instruments, 300 surgical
procedures, and classifies human surgery in 8 categories. The oldest
Plastic Surgery operations probably relate to nasal reconstruction. In
India, Sushruta performed operations using forehead skin to reconstruct
noses which had been amputated as punishment for criminals. The
earliest written reference to cataract surgery is found in Sanskrit
manuscripts dating from the 5th century BC. They are thought to have
been written by the Hindu surgeon Sushruta. He practiced a type of
cataract surgery known as couching or reclination, in which the
cataractous lens was displaced away from the pupil to lie in the
vitreous cavity in the back of the eye. This displacement of the lens
enabled the patient to see better. Vision, however, was still blurred
because of the unavailability of corrective lenses. As recently as the
middle of this century, couching was still practiced in Egypt, India,
and Tibet. [see link]
- Surpanakha: ogress, demon-sister of
Ravana, whose nose and ears were sliced off by Râma and Lakshmana
- Sutheekshna: A pupil of the renowned
sage Agastya (RRV2-1)
Gosvâmî: [see also Vedas] son of Romaharshana, a sage who
before the sages that gathered in the forest of Naimisharânya
recounted the talks between Parîkchit and S'ukadeva.
- Sutra: Concise rule or aphorism; that which,
through a few words only, reveals vast meanings; text consisting of
aphorisms or maxims; a thread; something, like a thread, that runs
through and holds everything together.
Krishna as the holder of the strings that move the puppets and make
them act their roles. (BV-10)
One's own way, One's very nature (SSS-II)
- Svayamvara: Festival for choice of
bridegroom. (BV-17) A ceremony in which a woman
selects her own husband from a number of suitors.
a ceremony in which a princess chooses her husband. At the occasion
Krishna, Sâmba and Arjuna kidnapped their wives: Rukminî (10.53), Mitravindâ (10.83:
17; 10.68: 1), and Subadrâ (10.86).
"Act in accordance with the rules of conduct laid down for the status
you have risen to and the call that has come to you" (RRV2-2)
- Syamasundara: Name of Lord Krishna, which
means "black loveliness". (BV-31)
'Sai' means 'Master'. It is a derivate of the Sanskrit
word Swami. The word 'Sai' has also been traced to the Persian
word Shah, Shahi, Sahi, Sai. Term of address by devotees of Sai Baba. (SSS-III)
- Swarajya: Self-mastery or independence
over himself. (BV-33)
True form, equal to; essence; embodiment.